School Resource Standard

Part 1 – Base Funding

All schools start with a standard amount for any student in Australia (with one amount for primary schools and another for secondary schools). The Commonwealth Government specifies an amount known as the Schooling Resources Standard (SRS). In 2023, these amounts are:

Primary Student

Secondary Student

Then, for non-government schools, this amount is discounted depending on the Direct Measure of Income (DMI). The DMI is based on the median income of parents or guardians at the school – similar to a means test. The non-government schools with the least Capacity to Contribute (CtC) towards the cost of educating a student are paid 90% of the SRS, while the greatest Capacity to Contribute are paid only 20%. The net amount is called the “Base”.

Base Funding per Student: Secondary School Examples (2023)
Government School
(All DMI Scores)
Discount= $1,639.7 per student
School (DMI 90)
Discount= $13,117.6 per student
School (DMI 125)

Part 2 – Loadings

Schools also receive an additional amount on top of the Base amount (Part 1). These extra amounts are called “Loadings”. These amounts assist in addressing the needs of disadvantaged students and schools. The Commonwealth specifies amounts for six types of disadvantage, and these are not means tested. They include the following:

  • Students with disability.
  • Low English proficiency.
  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background.
  • Socio-educational disadvantage.
  • Small Schools.
  • Remote Schools.

On average, loadings comprise approximately 24% of total funding for Catholic systemic schools, but the composition varies widely from school to school.

Schooling Resource Standard

The total funding of a non-government school is the sum of base plus loadings. This funding is the adjusted Schooling Resource Standard (SRS) because it is calculated by a standard methodology for any school, following the principles originally set out in the Gonski funding model. The SRS calculation is summarised as follows:




Part 1


Base Funding

Primary Student =$13,048 (2023), Secondary Student = $16,397 (2023)





Capacity to Contribute

Non-government schools only. Calculated as a % of base funding ranging from 10% to 80% depending on the Direct Measure of Income of Parents at the Schools.

Part 2





6 types of Disadvantages

Part 3





Transition Share

Each school has their own transition pathway


Total Funding for a non-government school (developed by Gonski)



Both the Commonwealth and NSW governments have agreed that all schools in NSW should move to be funded by the SRS method. However, because different schools have started from different funding positions (for historical reasons), both governments agree that a certain period of time (a “transition period”) should be allowed for schools to align with the SRS model. This alignment with the SRS will become closer over time, with full alignment planned for 2029.

School and System Improvement

Systems of schools such as the NSW Catholic schools system, which is the largest non-government system in Australia, receive a pooled funding amount for all their constituent schools.

The SRS methodology was designed to allocate funds across Australian schools based on broad measures of need and the Commonwealth recognises that systems often have more detailed local knowledge that can allow funding to be deployed to more effectively meet the precise needs of students. So, larger systems are not required to deploy their funds to their schools in the same manner as they are attracted.

Non-government school systems, as well as the NSW Catholic schools system, typically adopt this approach. For example, if student wellbeing is a concern in a school, funding will be applied to address this, even though this does not form part of the funding attracted based on the SRS model.

This document sets out the needs-based funding arrangements that apply to the deployment of these funds for the benefit of our students.





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